Southern Colonies Religion: The Rise of the Three Main Colonial Regions

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Last Updated: 26-Jun-23
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The Thirteen Colonies started as the birth of one of the largest, most successful nations in the world today. The differences in these three regions helped define a future democracy of the United States of America. Religion, economy, government, and social life all play a role in the development of these different colonies. Many immigrants fled to the colonies for freedom from their homes. New England colonists were seeking a new way of life, Middle colonies welcomed people from various lifestyles, and the Southern colonies were established as economic ventures and were seeking natural resources to provide material wealth to the mother country and themselves. The religious aspects of the three colonial regions influenced almost everything in their lives.

In the New England colonies, Puritans and Quakers built their societies on precepts of the Bible. Quakers was a new form of religion built for the Northern colonies. Founded by pilgrims, New Englanders valued education and promoted literacy to understand the Bible. This is different from the Southern colonies because the religion in the southern colonies was mainly an Anglican faith. English catholics fled from the Old World to Maryland for escape from religious persecution. In the Middle colonies, the largest religious groups in the Middle Colonies were Dutch Reformed.

Lutherans resided in southern New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware, while most Quakers lived in Pennsylvania. Religious intolerance was the worst in the New England colonies: most people were defined of class by religion. The Middle colonies were the most open minded, believing that one can be adopted openly into a religion and not have to be born into it.